What did Gao discover?

The Division of Protection (DoD) is actively pursuing synthetic intelligence (AI) capabilities. AI refers to pc methods which might be designed to copy a collection of human actions and regularly enhance at their assigned duties. Gao first recognized three waveforms, or varieties of AI, that are proven under.

Sorts of Synthetic Intelligence (AI) and Related DoD Examples

DoD acknowledges that the event and use of AI is totally different from conventional software program. Conventional software program is programmed to carry out duties based mostly on static directions, whereas AI is programmed to study to enhance on its given duties. This requires massive knowledge units, computing energy, and steady monitoring to make sure that functionality is carried out. A lot of the AI ​​capabilities supporting DoD’s fight missions are nonetheless in improvement. These capabilities primarily deal with intelligence evaluation, augmentation of weapons system platforms similar to plane and ships that don’t require human operators, and supply suggestions on the battlefield (similar to the place to maneuver troops). ).

DoD has traditionally confronted challenges, similar to prolonged acquisition processes and a scarcity of expert staff, when buying new capabilities that depend on advanced software program. GAO discovered that together with the information out there to coach AIs continues to face these challenges, together with others particular to AI. For instance, detecting an adversary’s submarines requires the AI ​​to gather a number of photos of various submarines and label them in order that the AI ​​can study to determine one by itself. DoD additionally faces difficulties in integrating educated AI into current weapon methods that weren’t designed for it and constructing belief in AI amongst its personnel. DoD launched a number of efforts to handle these challenges and help AI exploration, similar to establishing a cross-service digital platform for AI and AI-specific coaching, however it’s too early to evaluate the effectiveness.

Why did Gao do that research?

DoD has reported that AI is poised to alter the tempo of future battlefields and threats dealing with America. AI capabilities allow machines to carry out duties that might usually require human intelligence, similar to figuring out potential threats or targets on the battlefield. DoD has designated AI a High Modernization Space and is investing closely in AI instruments and capabilities. Different nations are making vital investments within the area that threaten to erode US navy technical and operational benefits.

The Nationwide Safety Fee on Synthetic Intelligence in its March 2021 report concluded that the US must act rapidly to make sure AI readiness. AI consultants inside and outdoors DoD agree that guaranteeing the division has the required infrastructure will likely be important to successfully growing, buying and enhancing AI for weapon methods.

Senate Report 116-236 features a provision for the GAO to evaluate efforts associated to the DoD’s AI fight acquisition. This report examines (1) the distinctive nature of AI and the present state of the AI ​​capabilities that help weapon methods, and (2) the challenges in growing, buying and deploying AI capabilities for DoD weapon methods. resolving.

To carry out this work, GAO interviewed officers from greater than 20 DoD entities and reviewed DoD documentation in addition to Nationwide Safety Fee studies and suggestions on Synthetic Intelligence.

For extra data, go to John Ludwigson at (202) 512-4841 or ludwigsonj@gao.gov or Candice N. Contact Wright at (202) 512-6888 or wrightc@gao.gov.

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